The Natural History Collections provide a research infrastructure for many TAU scientists, contributing in particular to the research of members of the Faculties of Life Sciences, Medicine, and the Humanities. Numerous scientists from other institutions, both in Israel and abroad, also take advantage of our collections, our taxonomic expertise, and our databases.

Dozens of TAU graduate students apply annually to the Natural History Collections for material for their theses or doctoral dissertations, with diverse research topics ranging from understanding the significance of different forestry regimes for biodiversity conservation to gaining insight into the evolution of animal domestication; from studying the use of sea shells in ancient ornaments to identifying alien invasive ant species of Israel; from understanding the functional morphology of early humans to studying the effect of the restoration.

of Wadi Tzeelim; from understanding patterns of terrestrial biodiversity to studying archeological site formation processes; from studying the deep sea fauna of the eastern Mediterranean to assessing the impact of restoration projects in aquatic habitats; from identifying taxa from which biologically active compounds can be extracted for the pharmaceutical industry, to predicting the response of ecological communities to climate change and how to plan for conservation under future climate change scenarios.