The mammal collection at Tel Aviv Zoological Museum has over 12,000 specimens representing about 500 species. mainly (about 80%) from Israel, but also including a large (nearly 1,000 specimens) collection of Egyptian mammals, mainly from Sinai, and smaller collections from around the world. 35 species of Israeli mammals are represented by more than 100 specimens each. These include bats, rodents, carnivores, the Hyrax (Procavia capensis), artiodactyles (mainly gazelles, Gazella gazella with nearly 700 specimens and G. dorcas with 170) and shrews. Native and vagrant marine mammals are also represented, as well as some of the last specimens of Israel’s recently extinct mammals such as the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus, with 1895 and 1902 specimens from Mt. Carmel), the Brown Bear (Ursus arctos, collected in the Hermon by Israel Aharoni), and the Anatolian leopard (Panthera pardus tulliana, the last specimen was collected in 1965).

Other collections of historical interest include Israel Aharoni’s collections, mainly from the early 1930s. The museum also houses specimens Israel’s two endemic mammals, Buxton’s Jird Meriones sacramenti (perhaps also found in Sinai, over 50 specimens in the collection) and the Negev shrew (Crocidura ramona), the type series of which is housed in the collection. Much of the mammal collection has been recently georeferenced.