The TAU collection of beetles contains ca. 300,000 pinned specimens and several thousand alcohol-preserved adults and larvae. The majority of material originates from Israel and the Sinai Peninsula (ca. 5,000 species), while ca. 1/5 of the collection comes from various other parts of the world, predominantly from West Europe, Turkey, North and South America, East Africa, South Asia and Madagascar. The TAU collection is based mainly on the collection of H. Bytinski-Salz, gathered from the 1930s to the 1970s, and also incorporates the older collections collected by  I. Aharoni (Hebrew University, Rehovot), F. S. Bodenheimer (Hebrew University, Jerusalem), Y. Palmoni (Bet Gordon, Deganya A`) and A. Rabinovitch (Alexandria, Egypt). Later collecting efforts were made by J. Kugler, A. Freidberg, D. Furth, M. Kaplan, F. Kaplan, I. Yarom, V. Chikatunov and A. L. L. Friedman (TAU), J. Wahrman, M. Pener and C. Blondheim (Hebrew University, Jerusalem), J. Halperin (Forest Research Department, Ilanot), and E. Orbach (an amateur entomologist). A small but important part of the collection consists of beetles from Israel from the collection of the famous German-Czekh coleopterist E. Reitter. The specimens were presumably collected at the end of the 19th beginning of the 20th century by various collectors, probably travelers and pilgrims, and later somehow made their way to Israel. In the past most of the collecting was done by means of net sweeping and direct collection. In recent decades an important addition was made to the collection by the lepidopterist V. Kravchenko (TAU), who collected many beetles using light traps, and by the numerous students of T. Dayan (TAU), E. Groner (Ben-Gurion University) and U. Shanas (University of Haifa), who collected using pitfall traps.
The TAU collection of Coleoptera is currently curated by Prof. V. Chikatunov, apart from the  Curculionoidea, curated by A.L.L. Friedman. The materials from the collection have been actively studied in the last decade by numerous specialists from around the world, and thus hundreds of new taxa have been described and dozens of articles published. The collection collaborates with museums and amateurs in Israel and throughout the world, as well as with the Israel Ministry of Agriculture, the Nature Reserves Authority and the Ministry of Health.